The first internal electoral contest with a view to the presidential elections of the United States, developed in the rural state of Iowa with the format of caucus (popular assemblies), He left Senator Ted Cruz as the victor among the Republicans over the ultra-conservative Donald Trump, while the former secretary of state Hillary Clinton was almost tied with the senator Bernie Sanders on the Democratic side, with a slight advantage.
The Iowa political assemblies are the first since 2008 so open in both parties and mark the beginning of the end of the Democratic presidency Barack Obama, who will deliver the command in January 2017 the winner of the general election on November 8.
Two million Iowa voters were summoned to the assemblies in about 1,700 schools, gyms or churches qualified for this participatory process with roots in the origins of American democracy.
However, Cruz was the only one who could boast victory yesterday in Des Moines, something he attributed to "Brave conservatives", to those who called for an end to "eight years of Obama."
The senator recalled that his victory, despite being tight, came with a high turnout that earned him the highest number of total votes in the history of a Republican caucus.
With the support of the evangelists, the religious group that has decided in recent years the winner of the Iowa Republican caucuses, Cruz obtained 26% of the votes, which was imposed by a difference of three percentage points to Trump.
"Iowa has said that the Republican candidate and the next US president will not be chosen by the media. It will not be chosen by the establishment or by the lobbies. It will be chosen by us, the American people " Ted Cruz
The Texas politician, aupado by the ultra-conservative movement "Tea Party", started below Trump in the polls, especially those of recent days, so his victory in Iowa was a boost for his campaign before the upcoming elections in the rest of the United States.
For his part, without having experience in politics and without being of the so-called "political establishment", Trump remained at all times as a favorite of the polls and obtained a good second place with 23% of the votes, deposited on anonymous ballots after a debate with representatives of each candidate.
Ted Cruz gets in Iowa 8 delegates, Donald Trump and Marco Rubio 7 each, Ben Carson 10, and Jeb Bush with Rand Paul reach only one. The Republican National Convention will take place in Cleveland between July 18 and 21
It is worth remembering that the voting system in the caucuses has two formats: by hand raised after the debate and the traditional ballot in the ballot box.
Marco Rubio, with 23% of the votes, obtained a third place that keeps him as one of the favorites in the still long race for the Republican candidacy, which will be formalized at the Cleveland convention.
Below the 10% mark were former neurosurgeon Ben Carson, Rand Paul and former favorite, former Florida governor Jeb Bush, who only reached 2.8% of the vote.
On the Democratic side, with the count of 95 percent of polling stations Hillary Clinton won 49.84% against 49.57% of Sanders, was the first to go out to thank the voters.
"I am looking forward to having another debate with Senator Sanders," Clinton said, accompanied by her daughter and her husband, former President Bill Clinton. The pre-candidate is down in the voting intention polls in the New Hampshire primary, the next election to be held on February 9.
Sanders, an independent senator who defines himself as a "socialist" and who did not play in the party in which he now competes, said: "We are facing the largest political organization in the US and we are virtually tied."
The deed of Sanders, who advocates changing the influence of private interest in politics and has not resorted to a negative campaign, led him to celebrate this draw as a victory.
The Sanders campaign has not yet granted the victory to Clinton and the candidate is already in New Hampshire, neighboring state to Vermont, where part as a favorite for the primaries of the next day 9.
Earlier this morning, Clinton's campaign command said his candidate had won a "tight victory" over Bernie Sanders.
Clinton gets 22 delegates and Sanders 21, out of the 44 at stake in the Iowa Caucus, ahead of the Democratic Convention, to be held in Philadelphia, July 25-28.
The first victim of these popular assemblies that initiate the process of primary to determine the presidential candidates of the November elections was the former governor of Maryland, Martin O'Malley, who failed to achieve 1% of the support in the Democratic recount and announced his retirement.
The former governor of Arkansas and Republican candidate, Mike Huckabee, whose only hope was this state of great presence of religious evangelists, also announced his retirement from a squad of twelve aspirants.